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The Adoption Of The Long-Term Residence Directive

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Chapter Summary

Council Directive 2003/109/EC concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents was adopted on 25 November 2003. The Directive has as its legal basis Article 63(3) and 63(4) of the EC Treaty, which has been renumbered as Article 79(2)(b) of the TFEU. This chapter considers the importance of the Directive and the process for its adoption. Obviously, this also raises the question why the Directive was adopted to begin with. In order to do that, the chapter first mentions the historical antecedents of the Directive. The chapter discusses some questions: why was it important to adopt a Directive on long-term resident third-country nationals; was it really necessary to adopt a measure on this issue; what are the historical legislative antecedents with regard to long-term residents in Europe; what was the process for adopting the Directive; and, how did the integration conditions enter the negotiations.

Keywords: Council Directive 2003/109/EC; Europe; long-term resident



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