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France And England Compete For Troops: The Mercenary Market, 1543–1546

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Chapter Summary

Neither England nor France could fight the war with their own troops alone; both needed access to the market for professional troops that was overwhelmingly concentrated in the German territories of the Empire. This chapter concentrates mainly on German mercenaries if only because the survival of substantial French, English and German sources for the engagement of mercenaries from the Empire in the mid-1540s allows an examination in depth of how the two countries competed for the services of military professionals. In practice, Henry raised only an English army of 32-33,000 and 4,000 auxiliaries from the Emperor led by Buren; 4,000 mercenary foot were to be provided by Christoff von Landenberg zu Schramberg and extra cavalry drawn from a number of lesser captains. The situation in 1545 certainly attracted France and England to Germany as source for fighting men.

Keywords: England; France; Germany; Henry; Landenberg; mercenaries



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