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‘To Entreate With The Sworde In Hand:’ Imperial And Protestant Mediation (1544–1546)

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Chapter Summary

The problem of peace and war could not be separated from the relations of both Francis and Henry with the Emperor Charles V and affairs in Germany. The English insisted that Henry would not give up Boulogne unless France abandoned Scotland. Tournon told the bishop of Arras that the French 'are stirred up against the King of England' and Bayard added that 'they will sell wives and children to get him out of Boulogne. In the months following the treaty of Crépy, a much more active role in peacemaking was taken by German Protestant diplomats. Charles, preparing for his campaign against the German Protestants, had no wish to see them play a central role in diplomacy. On the English side, the talks near Calais in November/December 1545 were largely managed by William Paget, using Bruno and Sturm as intermediaries with those in France favourable to peace.

Keywords: Calais; Emperor Charles V; England; France; German Protestant



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