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Open Access The Gods Divine Justice Or Divine Arbitrariness?

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The Gods Divine Justice Or Divine Arbitrariness?

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Chapter Summary

For now it is a race of iron; and people of that race will never cease from toil and misery by day or night, in constant distress, and the gods will give them harsh troubles. This chapter focuses on the relationship between divine justice and human responsibility and discusses the Sather lectures of no fewer than three outstanding scholars: Eric Dodds (1951), Hugh Lloyd-Jones (1971) and Bernard Williams (1993). The chapter also focuses on an issue, namely the persistent and pervasive lack of consistency in expressions concerning divine causation of good and evil in archaic and early classical literature. It argues that in particular catastrophic events, (many) Greeks of the archaic period seem to have shared one general feeling more than any other: that there is not one universal and monolithic principle of causation, or if there is, that no single definition would suffice in a world of great complexity.

Keywords:Bernard Williams; classical literature; divine justice; Eric Dodds; Hugh Lloyd-Jones; human responsibility; Sather lectures



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