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The Making Of A Province

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Chapter Summary

In the modern historiography of Palestine and Israel, the administrative re-ordering of 1872 has usually been overlooked or discarded as an insignificant manifestation of Ottoman administrative arbitrariness. Thus, when it came to marking the beginning of a new period in the history of late Ottoman Palestine, most authors have resorted to reflecting events in world history, Ottoman dynastic changes, or the beginning of Zionist Jewish immigration in 1882. This chapter emphasises two factors that run counter to these perceptions. First, the creation of the District of Jerusalem was not merely a bureaucratic adjustment but a contested affair that was debated against the backgrounds of Ottoman raison d'état and local interests. Second, the decision-making process was shaped by actors in three different locations: the imperial centre, the European capitals and Palestine itself.

Keywords: European capitals; Israel; Jerusalem; late Ottoman Palestine; Ottoman administrative arbitrariness; Ottoman dynastic changes; Ottoman raison d'état; Palestine historiography; Zionist Jewish immigration



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