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Chapter Summary

In July 1908, Ottoman army battalions brought about a coup d'état in Macedonia, and Anatolian units sent to crush the rebellion joined the rebels. Soon after, the Committee for Union and Progress (CUP) in Salonica unilaterally declared the reinstatement of the Ottoman constitution, which had been suspended three decades before. From a long-term perspective, the difference between landholding and settlement patterns on the coastal plains and in the highlands, which was exacerbated during the Hamidian period, helps to explain the pattern of Zionist settlement during the Mandate era. While the highlands, with their stable settlements, small-scale landholdings and tribal networks, were as hard to access for Zionist land buyers as for the urban notables of Jerusalem, the plains offered more opportunities for land purchase.

Keywords: coastal plains; Committee for Union and Progress (CUP); Hamidian period; highlands; Macedonia; Mandate era; Ottoman army; Ottoman constitution; Salonica; Zionist settlement



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