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Religion And Mental Health In China

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Chapter Summary

Over the past several decades, the sociology of religion has experienced a major shift in paradigm from secularization theories to rational choice theories. This chapter examines the relationship between fatalistic voluntarism and life satisfaction among a mainland population, and addresses the largely neglected relationship between fatalistic voluntarism and general life satisfaction in previous literature, using a nationally representative sample of Chinese residents. It reassesses the associations of multi-faceted religiosity and subjective well-being in the context of China's Marxist-atheist monopoly. The results presented in the chapter bear on several current debates. Moreover, most of the prior literature has been based on ethnographic studies in the absence of quantitative research. The chapter examines the largely neglected religious influence in Chinese society, with a focus on life satisfaction. It reveals a robust connection in mainland China between religion and mental health.

Keywords: Chinese residents; fatalistic voluntarism; largely neglected relationship; life satisfaction; mainland population; mental health; rational choice theories; religion; secularization theories



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