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A Typology Of Argument-Determined Constructions

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Chapter Summary

This chapter suggests a typology of syntactic derivations and associated construction types which relate to predicate arguments. Four basic types are distinguished, and a number of subtypes within them. The four basic types are argument transferring, argument focussing, argument manipulating, and marking the referential status of arguments. The chapter compares the grammatical properties of the four types. The labels 'passive' and 'antipassive' have been used with a wide range of meanings. To clarify how the terms are used here the authors propose - Dixon (1994: 146) - the criteria for a prototypical passive and a prototypical antipassive. There are other properties which do not serve to distinguish the four types of argument-determined constructions but instead establish subtypes within them.

Keywords: argument focussing; argument manipulating; argument transferring; argument-determined constructions; Dixon; grammatical properties; prototypical antipassive; prototypical passive; syntactic derivations; typology



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