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Word-Class-Changing Derivations In Typological Perspective

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Chapter Summary

The backbone of every grammar is recognising major word classes, and providing grammatical criteria for these. This chapter investigates the principal types of derivations which change word classes. It considers their semantic and syntactic properties, patterns of polysemy, and distribution across the world. The chapter recapitulates the major criteria used in defining word classes. These criteria can then be applied to potentially problematic derived forms. It provides a brief list of suggestions and questions for fieldworkers analyzing word-class-changing derivations in a language of their expertise. The chapter also distinguishes the basic types of word-class-changing derivations such as verbalizations, nominalizations, adjectivizations and adverbializations.

Keywords: adjectivizations; adverbializations; grammar; language verbalizations; nominalizations; patterns of polysemy; semantic properties; syntactic properties; word-class-changing derivations

10.1163/ej.9789004206076.i-606.55
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