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The Norwegian King’s Tributary Lands

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Chapter Summary

In the period from the 1170s until 1264, the Norwegian kings established direct rule over the Faroes, Shetland, Orkney, Iceland, and Greenland, which go together under the term "tributary lands" in the sources from the 1260s. The author will make considerable use of the results of this research in his study, but his primary aim is to focus on the following problem. Here it was read that the Norwegian earl Skule Bardsson received all of the tributary lands as part of his earldom in 1217. The study of the incorporation process also looks at other factors that can be said to typify skattland status. These terms and conditions were the basis for the formal relationship between the king and the Icelanders in the Middle Ages. Within the framework of this study it is not necessary to engage in a critical analysis of the origin and dating of the agreement texts.

Keywords: Icelanders; middle ages; norwegian king; Skule Bardsson; tributary lands

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