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The Norwegian Realm And The Personal Union With Sweden, 1320–1350

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Chapter Summary

The establishment of a personal union between Norway and Sweden in 1319 marks the start of a new era in Norwegian historiography. This chapter examines how the relationship between the Norwegian kingdom and the tributary lands developed after the establishment of the Norwegian-Swedish personal union. The author has elected to terminate the study at 1350, the next major watershed in Norwegian historiography. Because we lack sources on the government of Shetland and the Faroes from this period, the study has to be confined to Orkney and Iceland. The approach by the Scottish king's bailiff to the sheriffs in Orkney had probably been sent a while before King Robert was informed about the problems. In 1323 there were at least three sheriffs in Iceland: Benedikt Kolbeinsson, Ketill Þorláksson, who was also governor, and Eiríkr Sveinbjarnarson.

Keywords: Faroes; Iceland; Norwegian kingdom; Orkney; sheriffs; Shetland; Sweden



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