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On The Periphery Of The Kingdom, 1351–1397

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Chapter Summary

In Norway the plague and the agrarian crisis led to a reorganization and rationalization of local administration after 1351. Sheriffdoms and offices were amalgamated and more fiefs were held on lease, whereby the occupant paid an annual fee to the king, without any obligation to present accounts. After the death of Earl Malise some time in the 1350s, no new earl of Orkney was appointed. Malise had three heirs: his grandsons Alexander de Ard, Henry Sinclair, and Malise Sperra. Duncan Anderson addressed his letter about the revenue of the earldom both to the Orcadians and to the Norwegian king's representatives in the islands. The Sinclairs established a firm grip on Shetland as well as Orkney, and as in Orkney the office of sheriff and enfeoffments were reserved for members of the Scottish and Norwegian aristocracy.

Keywords: Alexander de Ard; Norway; Orkney; Sheriffdoms; Shetland; Sinclairs



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    The Incorporation and Integration of the King's Tributary Lands into the Norwegian Realm c. 1195-1397 — Recommend this title to your library
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