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Mexican Marine Zones: Their Legal Regime Under The Federal Oceans Act Of 1986

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Chapter Summary

At the initiative of Lic. Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado, then President of Mexico, the Congress of the Union enacted the Federal Oceans Act (FOA) in January of 1986. Mexico's Federal Oceans Act is among the first domestic legislative enactments derived from the 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III ). The FOA's Article 3 establishes five specific "Mexican marine zones" namely: a) Territorial Sea; b) Internal Marine Waters; c) Contiguous Zone; d) Exclusive Economic Zone; and e) Continental Shelf and Insular Shelves. FOA's three fundamental objectives are: first, to codify, update and systematize Mexico's numerous separate statutes relating to the uses and activities in the oceans; second, to attempt to introduce some technical legal uniformity in the terminology applicable to law of the sea matters; and third, to be in full compliance with the 1982 LOS Convention.

Keywords: Federal Oceans Act (FOA) Of 1986; international law of the sea; Mexican marine zone; Mexico's territorial sea; UNCLOS III



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