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Mexico’s Exclusive Economic Zone: Its Establishment, Negotiation And Delimitation With Neighboring States

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Chapter Summary

Pursuant to a solemn and formal amendment to its Political Constitution of 1917, Mexico established an exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles around its vast marine littorals in the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea on February 6, 1976. For Mexico, the establishment of the 200 nautical mile zone resulted from the combination of a fortunate and unusual set of circumstances. The Political Constitution of Mexico has been utilized by the President of that country as a document to enunciate important public policies or accomplishments of national importance in the legal, economic, social or political arenas. A brief and synoptic historical review of the origin and evolution of the exclusive economic zone may serve to give a clearer idea of the rapid transformation of this marine space into an &t;instant&t; rule of customary international law.

Keywords: Caribbean Sea; customary international law; exclusive economic zone; Mexico; Pacific Ocean



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