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Mexico And Its Territory: Constitutional Principles And Foundations

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Chapter Summary

The successful conclusion of the Third United Nations Conference of the Law of the Sea, and the final formulation of the 1982 U.N. Convention, contributed to provide order, justice and peace in pursuing the goal of structuring a modern and universal public order for the oceans. Articles 27, 42 and 48 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States detail the specific components forming the "national territory" of that country. Mexico, as a party to the 1982 Convention, is to modify the current language of Articles 27, 42 and 48, and adhere to what said Convention in particular, and international law at large, prescribe, namely that the coastal State exercises sovereign rights over said marine zones only for the purpose of exploring and exploiting its natural resources, whether living or non-living. However, contrary to its legal and antiquated assertions, Mexico does not own said marine zones.

Keywords: 1982 U .N. Convention; international law of the sea; Mexico's national territory; Mexico's Political Constitution; Third United Nations Conference



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