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Open Access Hellenistic Court Society: The Seleukid Imperial Court Under Antiochos The Great, 223–187 BCE

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Hellenistic Court Society: The Seleukid Imperial Court Under Antiochos The Great, 223–187 BCE

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Chapter Summary

In the Seleukid empire new forms of court culture and political ideology developed. The Seleukid rulers adopted and reshaped the legacy of their Greek, Macedonian and Persian forebears to create a form of monarchy that was neither 'western' nor 'eastern'. This chapter takes a closer look at Seleukid court society under one of its most important kings: Antiochos III the Great (ruled 223-187 BCE), whose reign has been documented relatively well in inscriptions and ancient historiography. Modern scholarship has created an image of the Hellenistic court in the third century BCE as an 'open' society. Like many large empires, the Seleukid state was basically a tributetaking military organisation, offering protection and benefactions to city states and local princes. International networks of aristocratic guest-friendship known in Greek as xenia or philoxenia linked up the royal household with multifarious civic elites.

Keywords: Antiochos; Hellenistic Court; Macedonian; Persian; philoxenia; Seleukid imperial court; Seleukid state



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