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Chapter Summary

According to this chapter, the late Byzantine state employed a variety of methods to finance its military forces. Late Byzantine soldiers were maintained through grants of land, cash, tax exemptions, rights to state revenues. That often soldiers were remunerated through a combination of the above-mentioned methods makes impossible any rigid categorisation of the military forces employed by the Byzantine rulers. The sources show that a large part of the army was maintained through pronoia grants. From the administrative point of view, the pronoia soldier was inexpensive for the Byzantine state. This document indicates that, the units made up of pronoia holders who were stationed in the provinces, were called . They reinforced the local defence and, unlike the kastrenoi, they participated in military campaigns. Apart from the writings of Plethon and Bessarion, the available information concerning the military organisation of Byzantine Morea is insufficient to draw conclusions.

Keywords: Bessarion; Byzantine soldiers; military forces; Plethon; pronoia holders



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