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Chapter Summary

In his essay Protestantism and Progress. The significance of Protestantism for the rise of the modern world, Ernst Troeltsch postulated that religion was modernised in the decades around 1700. Protestantism was for him, and for the liberal milieu in which he lived and worked, the modern religion par excellence. In hs book, Troeltsch offered a subtle critique of Troeltsch's work. For him, the waning of religion, was not a necessary precondition or the inevitable result of capitalist, science-based and bureaucratic modern society. Modern religion was, comfortably at home in the modern world - Protestantism and Progress contains strong echoes of Schleiermacher's On Religion. As part of this historiographical development the concept 'Modern religion , once considered an oxymoron, has come into fashion. For all practical purposes, seventeenth-century Reformed ministers were still beneficed clergy. Religious and moral order had been the avowed goal of the established churches of the confessional age.

Keywords: eighteenth century; modern religion; Protestantism; Troeltsch; Weber



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