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Chapter Summary

A review of the earliest historical texts shows variations regarding what Sol said to a young girl 's neighbor and whether she gave any indication that she had an interest in converting. Another important variation in the European texts is that the earliest consular document written shortly after her execution showed a hostility towards Sol, her family and community, while later European texts written at the end of the 19th century were more sympathetic to her plight, with some even inventing French attempts to save her. The Judeo-Arabic texts show the influence of Arabic and Islam to an even greater extent, containing qur'anic references that had become part of the local dialect and were used by both Muslims and Jews. The status of Jews in Morocco prior to the Protectorate was complex and involved the promise of protection in exchange for acceptance of social inferiority as dhimma.

Keywords: Judeo-Arabic text; Morocco; Sol



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