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The Federal Sanctuaries

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Chapter Summary

The sanctuary of Athena Itonia at Philia in its later Hellenistic phases of development is the central topic of this chapter. The symbolic construction of Philia as a federal sanctuary by the Thessalian League thus emerges as the product of a potentially contentious process of selection rather than inertia. The chapter discusses the importance of Athena Itonia to the Thessalians. Unlike Athena Itonia, Zeus Eleutherios was a new figure in Thessalian religion. Zeus as liberator would indeed have been an apt figure for the Thessalians to pay their respects to after their return to autonomy at the conclusion of Macedonian hegemony in the region. The sanctuaries of Athena Itonia at Philia and Zeus Eleutherios at Larisa emerge as the two most prominent sanctuaries of theThessalian League in the second and first centuries.

Keywords: Athena Itonia; federal sanctuaries; Larisa; Philia; Thessalian League; Zeus Eleutherios



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