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Viddha / Aviddha. Different Kinds Of Portraits For Different Kinds Of Purpose

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Chapter Summary

Likeness remains an issue that has to be addressed. This chapter tries to show that vocabulary is also related to the notion of likeness. It presents four study cases, but they do not permit a definitive answer to the likeness question. The chapter then considers three possibilities: viddha, aviddha and bhava (citra). It appears that the notions of likeness, resemblance and imitation are very much developed in Sanskrit texts. The chapter examines the distinction between viddha, and aviddha to know whether the difference in appearance was also related to a difference in the function of the image. The opposition between viddha, and aviddha is much more related to an actual reference to the portrayed person: the image which is viddha may be resembling but, it refers to a specific person who is supposed to be physically present, whereas an aviddha image could be any kind of picture.

Keywords: aviddha; bhava; likeness; portraits; Sanskrit texts; viddha



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