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Islands And Antarctica

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Chapter Summary

The Prince Edward Islands are the only South African islands that cannot be seen from the mainland. They are part of a number of islands that lie in a broad semicircle between 2,000 and 3,000 km south of the African continent. The Islands lie about 2,200 km south-east of Port Elizabeth and 2,300 km north of Antarctica. The Antarctic islands and Antarctica itself were the last to be discovered between 1773 and the early 1900s. The South African Citizens in Antarctica Act, 1962 (SACAA), stresses that nothing in it &t;prejudices or in any way affects the rights or the exercise of the rights of any country under international law with regard to the high seas within Antarctica&t;. The States Parties to Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (PEP) have designated Antarctica as "a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science".

Keywords: Antarctica; Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (PEP); South African Citizens in Antarctica Act(SACAA); South African government; South African Islands



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