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Contiguous Zone And Maritime Cultural Zone

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Chapter Summary

International law allows South Africa to exercise in its contiguous zone, which may not extend beyond 24 nm. Both in international law and in South African law, the contiguous zone is not part of the South African territory and legislation must be presumed not to apply extra-territorially. The MZA provides for a maritime cultural zone of 12 nm, within which South Africa has, "in respect of objects of an archaeological or historical nature found in [it], the same rights and powers as it has in respect of its territorial waters". At the regional level, South Africa is a member of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), established in 1910, together with Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland. Illegal immigration is a major challenge for South Africa, but sea-borne migration is not as serious a problem in South Africa as it is in other parts of the world.

Keywords: Contiguous Zone; Customs; Immigration Jurisdiction; International law; Maritime Cultural Zone; south africa



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