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Some Current Classifications Of The Moral Virtues

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Chapter Summary

Peter the Chanter's Summa Abel, a lexicon of theological terms, remains unedited except for some individual lemmata. The subdivision of justice is remarkable: instead of following Cicero's subdivision of naturae, as usually happens in medieval treatises on the virtues. The lemma consists of three sections which each have an interest in itself. The first distinguishes political, Catholic, and gratuitous virtues, and explains how these virtues are connected. The lemma Virtus is edited here from one of the earliest known manuscripts: Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France lat. The second section, which lists various meanings of the word virtus in Christian discourse, is a specimen of lexicography. The third section presents the cardinal virtues as being each accompanied by a pair of &t;collateral&t; virtues. The final section of the lectio, discusses the connection of the four virtues, closely follows Aquinas's views as expressed in the Summa theologiae and the Scriptum super Sententiae.

Keywords: cardinal virtues; Christian discourse; lectio; lemma Virtus; lemmata; medieval treatises; Scriptum super Sententiae



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