Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here


Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

This bibliography section presents a list of primary sources and secondary sources of the cardinal virtues. The scheme of the four cardinal virtues (prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance) counts among the most celebrated philosophical concepts that the Latin Middle Ages borrowed from the ancient world. The first known mention of the scheme occurs in Plato's Republic. During the Middle Ages, the idea that prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance constitute the four prime moral virtues went nearly unchallenged. The virtues thus conceived were essentially of human making and reflected the secular values of the leisure classes providing leadership in politics and philosophy.

Keywords: cardinal virtues; Latin Middle Ages



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    The Cardinal Virtues in the Middle Ages — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation