Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Twelfth Century

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The flowering of studies, literature, and the arts customarily designated as "the renaissance of the twelfth century" profoundly affected the field of moral thought. Modern scholars have depicted twelfth-century ethical discourse as revolving around a divide between a progressive, secularizing, philosophical approach, with Aristotle and Boethius as its authorities and Peter Abelard as its chief representative, and a conservative, religious, theological approach, based on Augustine and determining the views laid down by 1160 in Peter Lombard's Sententiae. This chapter discusses the classicizing tendencies in moral thought as displayed in twelfth-century educational literature, "humanism", and legal theory. It examines to what point these tendencies affected moral theology. The chapter discusses the predominantly "conservative" moral thought of Benedictine, Victorine, Cistercian, and other monastic writers. It presents the Parisian moral theology and its attempts to bridge the gap between the classicizing and religious views of morality and virtue.

Keywords: Aristotle; Boethius; humanism; moral theology; Peter Abelard; twelfth-century educational literature



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    The Cardinal Virtues in the Middle Ages — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation