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Historical Observation In The Sociology Of Religion: A View From Within The Communicative Networks Of Two Scientific Disciplines

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Chapter Summary

This chapter rests on the observation that the reproduction of modern scientific disciplines is itself historical because at any given time current methods, research, and theories inevitably refer to and identify themselves in terms of previous methods, research and theories within a discipline. It begins with some reflections of multidisciplinary situation between the sociology of religion and religious studies, contrasting a discipline that has tended to ignore historical methods and subjects with one that has been largely defined by them. The chapter presents why the sociology of religion has proceeded largely ahistorically and why religious studies has been dominated by historical methods. Specifically, in taking the place of modernization and modernity, globalization and globality replace the largely temporal distinction between the modern and the traditional - with spatial distinctions like global/local, East/West, global South/global North, core/periphery, and others besides.

Keywords: globalization; scientific disciplines; sociology



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