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Faunal Composition

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Chapter Summary

The freshwater fish fauna of Suriname is readily recognized as part of the Guiana Shield fish Fauna and the Guiana Shield fish fauna in turn is part of the Neotropical ichthyofauna. The great majority of Neotropical freshwater fish species are members of the three otophysan orders and the non-otophysan clades of Cyprinodontiformes and Cichlidae. Characidae has the greatest number of freshwater species, followed by the Loricariidae, the Cichlidae, the Callichthyidae, the Heptapteridae and the Anostomidae. The checklist of Surinamese freshwater fishes by Mol et al. includes 481 species of fishes from the fresh and brackish waters of Suriname and this number represents a 50% increase in documented total of species in these habitats over the last two decades. Some Surinamese fishes known to be part of the ichthyofauna of the country were described from samples collected at various times, but which were unidentified or misidentified in museum collections.

Keywords:Anostomidae; Cichlidae; freshwater fish; Guiana Shield; Heptapteridae; Neotropical ichthyofauna; Suriname



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