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Geography of Suriname

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Chapter Summary

In Suriname four major geographical zones can be distinguished based on geology, geomorphology and the resulting soils the Young Coastal Plain, Old Coastal Plain, Savanna Belt and Interior. The Young Coastal Plain consists of Holocene deposits, mainly of clays originating from the Amazon River and parallel sand and shell ridges. The Old Coastal Plain was deposited during two interglacial transgressions in the Pleistocene, but strongly eroded during regressive phases. The Savanna Belt consists of sandy soils that were deposited during a drier period in the Pliocene. The Interior comprises 80% of Suriname and is part of the Guiana Shield. Suriname is a "water-land" of rivers and creeks. The two border rivers, the Corantijn River in the west and the Marowijne River in the east, are the largest, draining together 67% of the land surface of Suriname.

Keywords:Interior; Old Coastal Plain; Savanna Belt; Young Coastal Plain

10.1163/9789004208001_003
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