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Chapter 2. Macedonia and Macedonians

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Chapter Summary

The origin of the Macedonians themselves has, for more than a century, been the object of a lively debate, in which scientific considerations are sometimes inextricably intermingled with ulterior motives of a political nature. Inscriptions discovered in Macedonia were both rare and late, dating from after the reign of Philip II, who had introduced the Attic koine as the official idiom of his administration. After the conquests and the annexations of Philip II, which tripled the territory of the kingdom, Macedonia proper was divided in four administrative and military regions, each under a strategos, who supervized and controlled the political units, new boroughs with their satellite villages in the New Territories, and old ethne in Upper Macedonia, into which the country had been systematically subdivided by his reforms.

Keywords: administrative regions; Attic koine; Macedonians; military regions; Philip II



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