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North America

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the conifer diversity in North America. The Conifer diversity is substantial at the level of genera and species, but only represented by three families, Cupressaceae, Pinaceae and Taxaceae. The 17 genera are divided among the families as follows: nine in Cupressaceae, six in Pinaceae and two in Taxaceae. The genera in Cupressaceae are Calocedrus, Chamaecyparis, Cupressus, Juniperus, Sequoia, Sequoiadendron, Taxodium, Thuja and Xanthocyparis. In Pinaceae the genera are Abies, Larix, Picea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga and Tsuga. In Taxaceae they are Taxus and Torreya. Of all these, only two are endemic to North America, Sequoia and Sequoiadendron, each with a single extant species. The species in the chapter are mapped and discussed in taxonomic order, but with distribution patterns as a secondary criterion for grouping them.

Keywords:conifer diversity; Cupressaceae; North America; Pinaceae; Taxaceae



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