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Europe and the Mediterranean

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter the authors include all countries in Europe except Russia and Turkey because the largest parts of these two countries are in Asia. They also included are countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea in North Africa and West Asia, except Turkey, and the Azores, Canary Islands and Madeira in the Atlantic Ocean. Countries in the Caucasus Region and Russia and Turkey are included in the chapter Mainland Asia and Japan. The diversity of native conifers in Europe and the Mediterranean is low, with three families, nine genera and 41 species present. The family Pinaceae is represented by four genera. For the most part the species of Cupressaceae family occur in countries around the Mediterranean Sea, but Juniperus brevifolia and J. cedrus occur on islands in the Atlantic Ocean and J. sabina and J. communis extend much farther across Eurasia.

Keywords:conifer distribution; Cupressaceae; Europe; Mediterranean Islands; Pinaceae



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