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Mainland Asia and Japan

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the biogeography and diversity of conifers in the region of Western Asia, Central Asia and Siberia, Himalayas, China and Taiwan, Indochina, Mainland Asia Far East, and Japan. The taxa are presented in a linear sequence reflecting phylogenetic relationships. Pinus armandii has its widest distribution in China and Taiwan and is treated there in the chapter. Almost all conifer species in the Himalayas belong to families and genera of northern (Laurasian) origin. They belong to the families (and genera) Cephalotaxaceae (Cephalotaxus), Cupressaceae (Cupressus, Juniperus), Pinaceae (Abies, Cedrus, Larix, Picea, Pinus, Tsuga) and Taxaceae (Amentotaxus, Taxus). The genus discussed in the chapter are Cupressus, Cedrus, Pinus, Picea, Larix, Tsuga, Abies, Juniperus, Taxus, Amentotaxus, Cathaya, Picea, Pseudotsuga, Larix, and Pseudolarix. The chapter also discusses about other genus such as Nothotsuga, Keteleeria, Podocarpaceae, Nageia, Cunninghamia, Taiwania, Metasequoia, Glyptostrobus, Thuja, Fokienia, Calocedrus, Cephalotaxus, Torreya, Calocedrus, and Platycladus.

Keywords:conifer biogeography; Cupressaceae; Japan; Mainland Asia; Pinaceae



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