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Chapter Summary

Australasia is a region of Oceania comprising Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and neighboring islands in the Pacific Ocean. All the islands with conifers are either parts of continental plates or accreted terrains, or have emerged on sunken lands (rises) that were once connected to continents. In this chapter, the authors give accounts of conifer biogeography separately for Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia and the other Pacific Islands. It focuses on the taxonomic diversity of conifers in Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia and the other Pacific Islands namely, Solomon Islands, Santa Cruz Islands, Fiji, Norfolk Island, and Tonga. The distribution of the genus discussed includes Agathis, Araucaria, Wollemia, Actinostrobus, Callitris, Athrotaxis, Agathis, Libocedrus, Podocarpus, Prumnopitys, Dacrycapus, Halocarpus, Manoao, Lepidothamnus, and Phyllocladus.

Keywords:Agathis; Araucaria; Australasia; conifers; taxonomic diversity



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