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Chapter Summary

Compared to other continents, conifers are poorly represented in Africa. The main distribution of conifer species is in the Atlas Mountains and throughout the eastern African Afromontane region, with smaller areas with conifers around Mount Cameroon and in Madagascar. The southern coast of the Mediterranean has a few species in the less dry areas. The Juniperus is widespread in the Northern Hemisphere both in Eurasia and North America, but only Juniperus procera in Africa crosses south of the equator, ultimately to 18º S in Zimbabwe. Widdringtonia belongs taxonomically to a group of genera in the family Cupressaceae that is distributed in the Southern Hemisphere. Afrocarpus (Podocarpaceae) is a small genus of five species endemic to the African continent. The pantropical to Southern Hemisphere genus Podocarpus (Podocarpaceae) has a surprisingly limited presence in Africa and Madagascar with four species on the continent and another five endemic to Madagascar.

Keywords:Africa; Afrocarpus; conifers; Juniperus; Podocarpus; Widdringtonia



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