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Appendix C

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Chapter Summary

The particular problem of loyalty is a relatively recent one in Japanese history, because involvement of this kind with other peoples of Asia is itself recent. This chapter focuses on two examples who are well documented in English, in Japanese, and in one case, in German too. One is Major Fujiwara Iwaichi, who formed a kikan to penetrate Indian troops of the British Empire forces in Malaya in 1941 and 1942; the other is the Colonel Suzuki. A major difference between Fujiwara and Suzuki Keiji lies in their relationship with the peoples they were to manipulate and also with their own higher authority. Fujiwara acted throughout as an agent of Imperial General Headquarters. His personal involvement with the first Indian National Army and its commanding general, Mohan Singh, was intense. The chapter presents points of resemblance and difference between Lawrence, Suzuki and Fujiwara.

Keywords:Fujiwara Iwaichi; Lawrence; Mohan Singh; Suzuki Keiji



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