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Chapter Summary

Subhas Chandra Bose is one of the significant figures of modem Indian history. A Cambridge-educated Bengali, he rejected a brilliant career in the Indian Civil Service to become a politician and quickly rose into the leading ranks of Gandhi's Congress Party. British arrested Bose on 2 July 1940, but he escaped to Afghanistan, where the Italian ambassador gave him an Italian passport. According to the Japanese war correspondent, Shizuo Maruyama, who accompanied the Indian National Army (INA) during the Burma campaign, Bose's preferred entry into India would have been through Chittagong. Since India gained her independence in 1947 many Indian, Japanese and American historians have asserted that the INA played a major role in the ending of British rule, especially because of the impact of the Delhi trials and the subsequent civil unrest.

Keywords:Indian National Army (INA); Shizuo Maruyama; Subhas Chandra Bose



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