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CHAPTER FOUR: FROM THE NORTHERN EXPEDITION TO THE WAR OF RESISTANCE

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Chapter Summary

In October, 1919, Sun Vat-sen changed the China Revolutionary Party into the Kuomintang of China. The Three People's Principles are the basic principles of the Nationalist Revolution. The aim of the Nationalist Revolution was clearly stated in the Declaration of the First National Congress [of the Kuomintang]. The Nationalist Government was beset by hardships and disunity, and still continued the Northern Expedition and established the capital at Nanking. The War of Resistance is not only an essential part of the National Revolution, but that victory in the War of Resistance ensures the success of the Nationalist Revolution, the liberation of the nation, and the building of the state. It is universally recognized that Japan's inability to advance on the eastern, southern, western, and northern fronts to carry out her "Great East Asia War Strategy" was due to one major obstructing force - China's War of Resistance.

Keywords: China revolutionary party; China's War of Resistance; Kuomintang; Nanking; nationalist revolution; northern expedition; Sun Vat-sen

10.1163/9789004212732_006
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