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Chapter Summary

The ancient scholars studied the truth embodied in the economic principles that Sun Yat-sen understood so clearly. During his lifetime, he discussed both policies and methods, and he praised the chapter, "The Great Harmony", in the Book of Rites, which embodies the final economic goal of the Three People's Principles, i.e., the economic ideals that China should strive to realize. As explained in the Book of Rites, economic policies based on the people's livelihood constitute the only correct road to the "world in harmony". The principles of Chinese economics are "true virtue", the utilization of resources, and increased production. They are based on human nature or the people's livelihood, and their objective is that commodities should serve and not enslave men. This basic point has long been understood by the Chinese people, and the Three People's Principles have won nation-wide support because they are based on this highest ideal.

Keywords: "Great Harmony"; Book of Rites; China's economic ideal; people's livelihood; Sun Yat-sen; three people's principles



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