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Chapter One From Welfare to Socialization: A Review of Early Childhood Care and Educational Policies in China

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Chapter Summary

The topics of this chapter, education and care during the second stage of development, are usually provided by special educational institutions. The successful development of early childhood care and education (ECCE) has great implications for popularizing the nine-year compulsory education and improving the quality of people. ECCE policies have gone through two development periods: the welfare kindergarten period and the socialized kindergarten period. It goal is to promote women's employment opportunities in the labor market and gender equality. From international experiences, the chapter infers that: public spending plays a critically important role in promoting the development of ECCE; there is not a uniform and fixed fiscal expenditure mechanism in the world; and no matter what kind of fiscal expenditure mechanism is used, vulnerable groups should always be given the most attention. In China, local governments are the actual implementers of ECCE policies.

Keywords:China; Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE); educational policies; kindergarten



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