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Chapter Three Thirty Years of Special Education in China: Policy Construction of the Modern Special Education System

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on children with special needs, emphasizing that every child should be educated within a minimum limited circumstance, while advocating that the majority of disabled children get educated in regular classrooms. Before 1978, China's special education mainly focused on schools for the blind and deaf-mute; while after the year, it included mentally retarded children and started to promote diversified education modes and multiple school-running patterns. In the twenty-first century, special education policy emphasizes the improvement of the quality of education. Compulsory Education Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) clearly stipulates that education for special children and adolescents is a part of compulsory education. Mexico and Chile have been trying to abide by international policies and in the past ten years, have focused on integration and children with special educational needs.

Keywords:adolescents; China; deaf-mute children; People's Republic of China (PRC); special education policy

10.1163/9789004214170_005
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