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Chapter Four Compulsory Education of Migrant Children: Problems and Policy Reaction, from the Angle of Equity

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Chapter Summary

According to the Fifth National Population Census (2000), the migrant population is defined as people who have lived in places other than one's household registration for more than half a year. Using the data of the Fifth National Census, it is estimated that there are now 14.09 million migrant children under age 14, and among them 8.8 million are in the age period of compulsory education. Migration has improved the equality of education overall. Blatant inequality for compulsory education still exists for migrant children. Accompanying the thirty years of drastic transformation in China's economy and society, policies for migrant children's education have emerged from being nonexistent, and have gradually progressed from a discriminative policy to a protective policy. Nanjing City, implemented a same-city treatment policy to migrant children. Measures supporting migrant schools must be made more concrete and more effective in improving the quality of the education imparted.

Keywords:compulsory education; educational equity; migrant children education; same-city treatment policy



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