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Van de hel, gehenna

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses hell, which is said to be the place of evil spirits as well as the godless after death. The heathens, as can be seen from the poet Virgil and others, have made up a terrifyingly gruesome place, named Tartaros by the Greeks, and described as plainly and clearly if they had been there themselves and had just visited it, where the Gods of Hella are - that will be the made-up evil spirits of the clergy - and where the damned souls are tortured. The reason why the heathen poets, who were often like clergy, defended such terrifying fabrications among the heathens is somewhat to scare the common people away from doing evil, just as they wish to convince them to do good by referring to the Elysian fields, where all good things take place.

Keywords:Elysian fields; evil spirits; Greeks; heathen poets; Hell

10.1163/9789004214583_014
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