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Israeli Research on the Ideology of the Qumran Community

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Chapter Summary

This chapter surveys Israeli scholars analyses of the various aspects of this doctrine. One of the principal issues related to the apocalyptic doctrine of the Qumran community is its realization in its everyday life, and how this influenced its relations with other contemporary Jewish circles. A fundamental contribution to this research was made by Jacob Licht, who dealt first and foremost with the theoretical aspects of the doctrine. Studying these Qumran ideas in conjunction with the Jewish apocryphal and pseudepigraphic texts, especially regarding the concept of predetermined historical principles, Licht defined the general outline of the sectaries beliefs according to their three major aspects: determinism, peri-odization and teleology. The detailed studies published by Israeli scholars have helped to uncover it and to place this aspect in the context of Second Temple Judaism.

Keywords:determinism; Israeli; Jewish; peri-odization; Qumran community; teleology; Temple Judaism



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