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Israeli Research into Hebrew and Aramaic at Qumran

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Chapter Summary

The linguistic study of the Dead Sea Scrolls in Israel began immediately after the publication in Jerusalem of the first texts in 1948 by Eliezer Lipa Sukenik, and as a result it was only natural that the texts published in Jerusalem were those initially investigated by Israeli scholars. Israeli scholars have concentrated on placing the Aramaic of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the larger framework of Aramaic dialectology, particularly Palestinian Aramaic dialects. The data from all the published scrolls with the goal of defining more precisely the nature of Qumran Hebrew. This approach continues to characterize linguistic investigations to this day. One desideratum for the future is a comprehensive Aramaic grammar based on all the published texts. Another is a detailed description of Greenfield's term &t;Standard Literary Aramaic&t; and its relationship to the language of the Aramaic scrolls.

Keywords:Dead Sea Scrolls; Hebrew; Israeli; Jerusalem; Qumran



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