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Qumran Research: Contribution of the École Biblique et Archéologique Française in Jerusalem

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Chapter Summary

The École Biblique et Archéologique Française de Jérusalem (EBAF) and its scholars played a unique role in the history of Qumran research. The central figure in this process was Roland Guérin de Vaux, the director of the EBAF. His scholarly stature and renown, and his energy and authority, enabled him to head the excavations at and around the Qumran site, and to direct publications on the Dead Sea Scrolls. This short survey of the history of scholarship on the Dead Sea Scrolls and Qumran research at the EBAF in Jerusalem illumines the central role it played from the very beginning of the discovery and study of the Scrolls. It was the center of activity regarding the excavation of Qumran and 'Ain Feshkha, and of the publication of the Scrolls and the pertinent data. Its periodical Revue Biblique served this purpose well before the creation of the Revue de Qumran.

Keywords:Dead Sea Scrolls; EBAF; Jerusalem; Qumran; scholars; Vaux



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