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Qumran Research in France

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Chapter Summary

Roland de Vaux and the École Biblique et Archéologique Française (EBAF) in Jerusalem played a major in part identifying the first Qumran cave with its manuscripts and in the excavations of Khirbet Qumran, as well as in the discovery and excavations of the other caves containing manuscripts. However, it should be remembered that other French members of the team were members of the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and were in touch with the foremost Qumran scholars in France. This first phase of the Qumran research was undoubtedly dominated by the forceful personality and scientific authority of André Dupont-Sommer (1900-1983). After being in the foreground during the first phase of Qumran research, French scholarship is still very vital: a new generation of junior scholars seems ready to forge ahead into scientific exploitation of this huge epigraphic discovery.

Keywords:EBAF; France; Jerusalem; Qumran; Roland de Vaux; scholars

10.1163/9789004218918_021
/content/books/b9789004218918_021
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