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Qumran Research in Eastern and Central Europe

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the developments in Qumran research in Russia (former USSR), Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia (former Czechoslovakia), Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia (former Yugoslavia) on the basis of scholarly works published in local languages. Scrolls were discovered at a time of tumult in the central and eastern European countries. By 1948 communist regimes ruled Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria. Yugoslavia was also dominated by a communist-type government. Germany was divided into west and east, the latter under Soviet control and governed by a communist regime. Hans Bardtke published regular overviews of German Qumran research in German journals. His introduction was one of the first general surveys of the Qumran findings and their problems. In an overview of the Polish research, Medala included the problems of Qumran in intertestamental literature.

Keywords:communist; European countries; German; literature; Qumran; Russia



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