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Nach dem Exil wurden im Land Israel zwei Tempel errichtet. Ist der Bericht 1 Esdr 5:49 vom Tempelbau der Völker des Landes die älteste literarische Erwähnung des Tempels in Samarien?

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Chapter Summary

The Greek of the LXX is the translation of a Hebrew and Aramaic writing. Most scholars believe that this book is a literary transformation of Ezra-Nehemiah. The Greek 1 Esdras is also survived in an old Latin and in a Syriac translation. The meaning of the original text of 1 Esdras 5:49 are highlighted in the following five points. First, two altars were erected after the exile. Second, it arises as a parallelization and the image of a cultic rivalry between Israelites in Jerusalem and the other people of the land. Third, 1 Esdr 5:49 are over a page view and fourth, the Israelites in Jerusalem bear no responsibility in this other altar. Fifth, these competing altars explain why the Israelites in Jerusalem rejected the participation of the people of the land at their temple in Jerusalem. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: Aramaic writing; Ezra-Nehemiah; Greek 1 Esdras; Hebrew; Jerusalem; LXX



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