Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Cities and Citizens

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The history of law and the state is part and parcel of the history of mankind: it is determined by the way in which people coexist and their needs are met. The development of science and technology has played a major role here. The positions of heavenly bodies as a function of time were calculated using the astrolabe, a Hellenistic invention that reached the Christian world in the eleventh century via the then Arabic city of Toledo. The relationships between people have socio-economic and politico-legal dimensions that are intertwined and interlinked, as in both respects we are concerned with the patterns by which coexistence is organized spontaneously or by force. Scope for personal freedom widened in the cities. Everywhere where citizenship prevails over distinguishing characteristics such as religion, culture and ethnicity, people engage with one another based not on their origins but on their share in a common future.

Keywords: astrolabe; ethnicity



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Citizens' Rights and the Right to Be a Citizen — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation